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In this conversation, Tanmay Shah interviews Paulius Juodis, a language enthusiast from Lithuania. They discuss various aspects of Lithuania, including its location, climate, and favorite destinations. They also explore the similarities between the Lithuanian and Sanskrit languages and the cultural similarities between Lithuanian paganism and Hinduism. The conversation concludes with a discussion on the influence of Christianity in Lithuania. In this part of the conversation, Paulius discusses the conversion to Catholicism in Lithuania and how it was more of a political move than a change of hearts. He also explains the difference between Prussia and Russia and the history of Prussia as a unifying kingdom. The symbolism of the swastika and its connection to Lithuanian culture is explored, along with traditional Lithuanian festivals and wedding rituals. Paulius also shares his favorite traditional Lithuanian food, including cold beetroot soup and buckwheat. In this part of the conversation, Paulius and Tanmay discuss traditional Lithuanian desserts, language and cultural connections, the best time to visit Lithuania, recommended activities in the country, the popularity of basketball, appreciating beauty and complimenting, improvements for Lithuania, first impressions of India, dream travel destinations, less known facts about Lithuania, fast internet in the country, interest in Web3 and crypto, career paths in anthropology and sociology, the Lithuanian written script, similarities with Sanskrit languages, pronunciation of vowels and consonants, cultural awareness in business, studying anthropology and sociology, career opportunities in the field, cultural differences in business, the target audience for the podcast, breaking stereotypes, and the sex ratio in Baltic countries. In this conversation, Paulius Juodis discusses various topics related to Lithuania’s population, demographics, and culture. He explains the impact of World Wars and the Holocaust on the population, particularly the loss of the Jewish community. Paulius also highlights the current challenges of population decline and aging in Lithuania and discusses the global trend of declining birth rates. He shares his interest in having lunch with influential figures such as Alan Watts, Daisaku Suzuki, and Ramana Maharshi, and the questions he would ask them. Paulius talks about the value of art, business and investment opportunities in Lithuania, and his favorite movie, book, and food. He also expresses his excitement for the future and the power of podcasts in connecting people.In this episode of Rocklaz Radio, Tanmay Shah and Laura Grinbarga discuss books and podcasts they have read and listened to. They share their favorite podcasts, such as Akimbo and Freakonomics, and talk about the benefits of reading digitally and listening to audiobooks. They recommend books like The Artist’s Way, Big Magic, and The War of Art for creative inspiration. They also discuss the importance of finding the right time to read and making notes while reading. The conversation touches on spirituality in art and the impact of books like The Alchemist and Siddhartha. They also mention books on negotiation and personal development, such as Think and Grow Rich and The 7 Habits of Highly Effective People. The conversation covered a wide range of topics, including book recommendations, favorite genres, and spiritual and philosophical discussions. Some of the recommended books include ‘Atomic Habits’ by James Clear, ‘The Warrior’s Apprentice’ by Lois McMaster Bujold, ‘The Silver Metal Lover’ by Tanith Lee, ‘Mahabharata’ and ‘Bhagavad Gita’ by Shri Shri Ravishankar, and ‘Business Sutras’ by Devdutt Patnayak. The conversation also touched on the importance of finding balance and substance in the content we consume.


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00:00 Introduction and Background
03:06 Location and Geography of Lithuania
06:00 Climate and Seasons in Lithuania
08:04 Favorite Aspects of Lithuania
16:02 Lithuania’s Independence and History
23:32 Cultural Similarities Between Lithuanian Paganism and Hinduism
29:54 Influence of Christianity in Lithuania
34:05 The Conversion to Catholicism
35:12 The Role of Christianity in Lithuania
35:45 The Difference Between Prussia and Russia
36:16 The History of Prussia
37:23 The Symbolism of the Swastika
38:19 Similarities Between Lithuanian and Hindu Symbols
39:01 The Nazi Appropriation of the Swastika
40:02 Traditional Symbols in Lithuanian Culture
43:07 The Hill of the Witches
43:55 The Symbolism of the Sun in Lithuanian Culture
45:34 Traditional Lithuanian Festivals
46:46 Favorite Traditional or Cultural Festival
48:11 Traditional Lithuanian Dresses
49:49 Wedding Rituals in Lithuania
51:07 Marriage in the Romuva Religion
52:57 Similarities Between Lithuanian and Sanskrit Words
55:42 Geographical Differentiations in Europe
59:49 Favorite Lithuanian Food
01:05:38 Buckwheat in Lithuanian Cuisine
01:13:35 Traditional Lithuanian Desserts
01:14:17 Language and Cultural Connections
01:15:17 Best Time to Visit Lithuania
01:16:00 Recommended Activities in Lithuania
01:18:16 Basketball in Lithuania
01:19:03 Appreciating Beauty and Complimenting
01:20:43 Improvements for Lithuania
01:23:19 First Impression of India
01:24:10 Dream Travel Destinations
01:25:16 Less Known Facts about Lithuania
01:26:28 Fast Internet in Lithuania
01:27:27 Interest in Web3 and Crypto in Lithuania
01:28:09 Career Path in Anthropology and Sociology
01:30:25 Appreciating Beauty and Complimenting
01:31:33 Lithuanian Written Script
01:32:33 Synthetic Language and Word Order
01:34:18 Similarities with Sanskrit Languages
01:35:03 Pronunciation of Vowels and Consonants
01:37:19 Cultural Awareness in Business
01:39:24 Cultural Traits in Lithuania
01:42:26 Studying Anthropology and Sociology
01:44:13 Career Opportunities in Anthropology and Sociology
01:46:59 Cultural Differences in Business
01:49:33 Audience for the Podcast
01:51:38 Breaking Stereotypes and Broadening Perspectives
01:51:48 Cultural Traits in Lithuania
01:53:03 Sex Ratio in Baltic Countries
01:53:03 Impact of World Wars and Holocaust
01:56:54 Population Decline and Aging
01:59:49 Demographic Challenges
02:01:07 Lunch with Influential Figures
02:02:17 Questions for Influential Figures
02:03:54 Population Decline Worldwide
02:05:11 Art and Its Value
02:08:07 Business and Investment Opportunities in Lithuania
02:10:50 Best Advice Received
02:12:04 Most Priceless Gift Received
02:12:54 Thoughts and Stories of Grandparents
02:17:37 Favorite Movie
02:18:53 Learning Languages and Duolingo
02:20:41 Excommunications during Soviet Rule
02:22:03 Favorite Book
02:25:28 Favorite Food
02:26:04 Excitement for the Future
02:27:55 Fun Activities: Martial Arts
02:28:20 Bucket List: Traveling to Morocco and Egypt
02:30:08 Closing Thoughts and Advice



• Lithuania is a small country located in the Baltic region, with a diverse climate and four distinct seasons.
• The Lithuanian and Sanskrit languages share similarities, including common words and religious practices.
• Lithuanian paganism and Hinduism have cultural similarities, such as the worship of nature and rituals related to death and afterlife.
• Lithuania was the last European country to adopt Christianity in the 14th century, and it has since become a predominantly Catholic country. The conversion to Catholicism in Lithuania was primarily a political move by the ruling elites.
• The symbolism of the swastika in Lithuanian culture is different from its association with the Nazis.
• Lithuania has a rich tradition of festivals and rituals, including the Hill of the Witches and the celebration of the summer solstice.
• Buckwheat is a staple in Lithuanian cuisine and is known for its nutritional value. Lithuania has traditional desserts like shakotas and shimtalaapis, which are enjoyed during celebrations.
• The Lithuanian language has similarities with other languages, such as the word for mother being similar to ma in Chinese.
• The best time to visit Lithuania is during late spring or summer, when the weather is warmer and nature is in full bloom.
• Recommended activities in Lithuania include sledding during winter and exploring the country’s forests.
• Basketball is a popular sport in Lithuania, although the level of play has declined in recent years.
• Lithuanian has specific phrases for appreciating beauty and complimenting others.
• One improvement for Lithuania would be to ban deforestation and hunting to preserve the country’s natural beauty.
• The first impression of India is that it is a colorful and diverse country with a rich cultural heritage.
• Dream travel destinations for Paulius include Japan and Peru.
• Lithuania is known for its fast internet speeds and is considered a fintech hub in Europe.
• Anthropology and sociology offer career opportunities in fields such as business consulting and cultural research.
• The Lithuanian written script is based on the Latin script but has unique characters for certain sounds.
• Lithuanian is a synthetic language, meaning that word order is less important and information is conveyed through word endings.
• Cultural awareness is important in business, as different cultures have different approaches and expectations.
• The podcast’s target audience includes open-minded individuals interested in learning about different cultures and breaking stereotypes.
• The sex ratio in Baltic countries, including Lithuania, is not specifically discussed in the conversation. Lithuania’s population has been affected by historical events such as World Wars and the Holocaust, leading to a decline in the Jewish community.
• The country is currently facing challenges of population decline and aging, which is a common trend in many European countries.
• The birth rate is decreasing globally, and the demographic shift towards an older population poses challenges for the future.
• Art plays a significant role in expanding cultural boundaries and challenging stereotypes.
• Lithuania offers business and investment opportunities in sectors such as e-commerce, IT, fintech, and the beauty industry.
• Learning languages through conversation and immersion is more effective than relying solely on language learning apps like Duolingo.
• The experiences and stories of grandparents provide valuable insights into the history and culture of a country.
• Martial arts, such as Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu, can be a fun and engaging activity for personal growth and physical fitness.
• Exploring different cultures and traveling to new places can broaden perspectives and create memorable experiences.


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